USP <61>, Total Aerobic Microbial Count, TAMC
- TAMC USP <61> provides very specific guidance for assessing total aerobic bioburden present in product.
- TAMC determines the total number of aerobic bacteria per mL (gram) of the cosmetics, personal care, or pharmaceutical product.
- TAMC method requires 48 to 72 hours incubation testing.
- TAMC is a mandatory mirobiological test for every lot of personal care product before sale to consumer.
USP <61>, Total Yeast and Mold Count, TYMC
- TYMC USP <61> uses Aspergillus brasiliensis (ATCC 16404-mold) and Candida albicans (ATCC 10231-yeast) as positive control.
- TYMC determines the total number of yeast and fungi per gram of the product.
- TYMC method requires a minimum of five to seven days of incubation testing.
Note: USP <61> and <62> methods of microbiological testing must include a positive control microbe and a negative control of diluents.
USP <51>, Antimicrobial Effectiveness
The antimicrobial efficacy test evaluates the effectiveness of preservatives used in the health, beauty, personal care, cosmetic and pharmaceutical products according to USP <51>.
Each of the known strains of pathogenic organisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, and Aspergillus brasiliensis) with predetermined colonies population are added to the product separately. Test sample colonies are counted at specified time intervals to determine the effectiveness of the preservative. The log reduction of the microorganism at day 7, 14, 21, and 28 are reported. This test requires 28 days of preservative efficacy. The test demonstrates the efficacy of the product to stop the growth of pathogenic organisms. At least 100-150 mL or grams of the product are necessary to run this test. The antimicrobial effectiveness test is required only once per product unless the product formula or the manufacturing process involved any modification.
|Criteria for Tested Microorganisms in Preservative Effectiveness|