GMO

GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) crops have been developed to make farming easier and more successful by changing targeted plant traits. The two most common traits in commercial GMO crops today are insect resistance and herbicide tolerance. Pesticides use is greatly reduced on GMO crops that produce their own pesticides. Herbicide resistant crops thrive better when they are not affected by weeds or the herbicides used to control them. Other traits that can be developed include improved nutrition, fungus resistance, seed sterility, and extreme weather resistance. The US is the largest grower of GM crops in the world, and as much as 95% of some US crops are GM varieties. Concerns about potential health hazards have resulted in varied levels of acceptence by consumers and regulatory bodies. Many consumers would prefer food labels to portray information about GMO content. Various countries have set threshold levels for the unintentional presence of GMO material in order for a food product to be labeled non-GMO. The threshold is 0.9% in the EU, 3% in Korea, and 5% in Japan. The US has no threshold or labeling requirements. AAL can determine the GM content of corn, soy, and rice products for export suitability. In the EU, only authorized GMO varieties can be present unintentionally in processed food. The EU has authorized the use of 17 types of GMO corn and 3 varieties of GMO soy for food use. For importation, the EU has approved 8 GMO corn varieties and 2 GMO soy varieties.

GMO Corn Authorized for Use in the EU

Name Company Gene Trait
T25 Bayer pat gene Herbicide Tolerance
BT11 Syngenta cry1Ab
pat gene
Insect Resistance
Herbicide Tolerance
GA21 Syngenta m epsps Herbicide Tolerance
MIR604 Syngenta cry3A
pmi marker
Insect Resistance
59122 x NK603 Pioneer cry34Ab1
cry35Ab1
pat gene
cp4 epsps
Insect Resistance

Herbicide Tolerance

DAS1507 Pioneer cry1F
pat gene
Insect Resistance
Herbicide Tolerance
DAS1507 x NK603 Pioneer cry1F
pat gene
cp4 epsps
Insect Resistance
Herbicide Tolerance
DAS59122 Pioneer cry34Ab1
cry35Ab1
pat gene
Insect Resistance
Herbicide Tolerance
MON810 Monsanto cry1Ab Insect Resistance
MON863 Monsanto cry3Bb1
nptII marker
Insect Resistance
MON863 x MON810 Monsanto cry3Bb1
cry1Ab
nptII marker
Insect Resistance
MON863 x MON810 x NK603 Monsanto cry3Bb1
cry1Ab
cp4 epsps
nptII marker
Insect Resistance
Herbicide Tolerance
MON863 x NK603 Monsanto cry3Bb1
cp4 epsps
nptII marker
Insect Resistance
Herbicide Tolerance
MON88017 Monsanto cry3Bb1
cp4 epsps
Insect Resistance
Herbicide Tolerance
MON89034 Monsanto cry1A.105
cry2Ab2
Insect Resistance
NK603 Monsanto cp4 epsps Herbicide Tolerance
NK603 x MON810 Monsanto cp4 epsps
cry1Ab
Herbicide Tolerance
Insect Resistance

GMO Soy Authorized for Use in the EU

Name Company Gene Trait
MON40-3-2 Monsanto cp4 epsps Herbicide Tolerance
A2704-12 Bayer pat gene Herbicide Tolerance
MON89788 Monsanto cp4 epsps Herbicide Tolerance

GMO Crops Approved for EU Import

Corn Soy
MON863 (Monsanto) GA21 (Syngenta) A2704-12
(Bayer)
1507 x NK603 (Pioneer) MIR604 (Syngenta)
59122 x NK603 (Pioneer) MON88017 (Monsanto) MON89788
(Monsanto)
DAS59122 (Pioneer) MON89788 (Monsanto)

 

Currently there is no commercially grown variety of GMO wheat. The first GMO rice variety has been assessed as safe by the EU but awaits final authorization for food use and approval for import.

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